What happens to vulnerable children in the UK?

The UK does still use residential care for vulnerable children where this is appropriate and in line with the United Nations Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children. The UN Guidelines recognise that some forms of residential care are necessary in a well-functioning child protection system, but that these should not be institutional, (i.e. large scale, with impersonal routines etc.) Hope and Homes for Children reforms child protection systems that rely on institutional care, which is not the case in the UK. Residential care homes for children in the UK are regulated and inspected by Ofsted. It is also UK government policy that family placement should always be the priority and that residential care is only used when it is in the best interests of a particular child.